YPI is the unique method for measuring the level of young people participation in decision-making processes. This is particular monitoring tool using exclusively within the project Youth Bank Hub Western Balkan and Turkey. Through YPI method, we monitor and follow three dimensions of youth participation in this region – political, economic and social participation.
When it comes to the scores from those four countries, there is a big discrepancy between the actual situation in each country and the targeted value. Most countries are noting positive trends year by year. Only Serbian Index has slightly decreased in 2018, mostly because of the fact that political participation, the number of mayors and youth structures at local level decreased.
Albania, North Macedonia and Montenegro have recorded slight upward trend in political participation, unlike Serbia where certain decrease can be observed from 2017 to 2018. The change was mostly influenced by the increase or decrease of the existence of youth networks (councils/parliaments/unions/offices) for youth participation at local levels and the development of on-line tools for information and participation in decision-making of municipalities. North Macedonia has the highest score of the political participation of youth as a result of the existence of the youth structures in local levels in the majority of municipalities, as well as online tools in national and local levels.
Albania notes gradual decrease in the field of economic participation, unlike Serbia and Montenegro which note positive trend and gradual increase of economic participation. North Macedonia notes a slight decrease in 2017 and thereupon the increase in 2018 which is mainly the result of the lack of the state financial support to young people who started their own business during 2017.
Social Participation dimension still presents the main obstacle in the calculation of the YPI, since most countries do not have available statistics collected using the same methodology. Thus, the YPI indicates that there are no public data regarding vulnerable groups of young people in most country such as: youth at risk of poverty, and young people in the social welfare system. Having this in mind, the data regarding social dimension could be shown only separately.